Hydroxypropyl starch ether (HPS) is a modified starch that is commonly used as a thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifier in a variety of cement or gypsum based mortar applications. It is produced by reacting natural starch, typically derived from corn or potato, with propylene oxide in the presence of an alkali catalyst.
The resulting hydroxypropyl starch ether has improved properties compared to natural starch, including increased solubility, stability, and viscosity.
In the construction industry, hydroxypropyl starch ether (HPS) is commonly used as a cement additive to improve the workability, strength, and durability of cement-based materials. It is particularly useful in applications where high-performance concrete is required.
When added to cement, HPS acts as a water reducer, which reduces the amount of water required to maintain a workable consistency, while also increasing the strength and durability of the final product. This is because HPS acts as a binder between the cement particles, which improves the cohesion and adhesion of the cement paste.
HPS can also be used as a thickening agent in cement-based mortars and grouts, improving their adhesion and preventing sagging or slumping during application. Additionally, it can be used as a dispersant to reduce the viscosity of cement slurries, which can improve the pumping and placing of concrete.
Hydroxypropyl starch ether (HPS) is soluble in water and forms a clear and stable solution with water. The solubility of HPS depends on the degree of substitution and the molecular weight of the polymer.
HPS has good thickening and stabilizing properties due to its high viscosity. The viscosity of HPS is also dependent on the degree of substitution and the molecular weight of the polymer.
HPS has a good film-forming ability, which makes it suitable for use in coatings and films.
HPS is compatible with other polymers and can be used in combination with other materials to improve their properties.
HPS has good moisture retention properties and can help to improve the shelf life of cement products.
HPS has good adhesion properties and can be used as an adhesive in various applications.
HPS is commonly used as a water retention agent and workability enhancer in cement-based mortars. It can improve the consistency and plasticity of the mortar, as well as prevent water loss during the setting process.
HPS is used as a thickener and workability enhancer in cement-based plasters. It can improve the adhesion of the plaster to the substrate and prevent cracking and shrinkage.
HPS is used as a thickener and workability enhancer in self-leveling compounds. It can improve the flow properties of the compound, as well as prevent segregation and bleeding.
HPS is used as a thickener and workability enhancer in tile adhesives. It can improve the consistency of the adhesive, as well as prevent sagging and slipping of the tiles.
HPS is used as a binder, thickener, and workability enhancer in gypsum-based products like plasterboards and jointing compounds. It can improve the consistency and mechanical strength of the products, as well as prevent shrinkage and cracking.